Epinal belongs to a class of medicines called barbiturates. It is a prescription medicine used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). They also have ... View More
Uses of Epinal
Side effects of Epinal
How to use Epinal
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Epinal may be taken with o... View More
How Epinal works
Epinal controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerv... View More
Status epilepticus, Partial seizures, Sedation, Generalised tonic-clonic seizures, Hypnotic, Preoperative sedation
May be taken with or without food.
Oral Sedation Adult: 30-120 mg daily in 2-3 divided doses, do not exceed 400 mg/day Status epilepticus ; Emergency management of acute seizures Ad... View More
Oral Sedation Child: 2 mg/kg daily in 3 divided doses. Status epilepticus ; Emergency management of acute seizures Child: 3-5 mg/kg or 125 mg/m2 d... View More
Renal impairment: Reduce dose. Severe: Contraindicated.
Severe renal and hepatic disorders. Severe respiratory depression, dyspnoea or airway obstruction; porphyria. Pregnancy.
Mode of Action
Phenobarbitone is a short-acting barbiturate. It depresses the sensory cortex, reduces motor activity, changes cerebellar function, and produces drowsin... View More
Patient w/ history or sedative/hypnotic addiction; resp disease, depression or suicidal tendencies, hypoadrenalism. Avoid abrupt withdrawal. Mild to mod... View More
Common Ataxia,Dizziness,Drowsiness,Dysarthria,Fatigue,Headache,Irritability,Nystagmus,Paresthesia restlessness,Vertigo Geriatric patients: Excitement,... View More
May enhance the hepatotoxic potential of paracetemaol overdoses. May decrease levels/effects of various CYP isoenzyme substrates e.g. teniposide, methot... View More